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Suicidal Behaviors in Men: Determinants and Prevention in Australia

Male suicide rates are almost universally higher than those of females around the world. In Australia, death by suicide is three- to four-times more common in men than in women, although women engage in more non-fatal suicidal behaviours. Specific male groups—such as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander men, men of sexual minorities, old and young men, and men working in stressful conditions or who are imprisoned—are at even greater risk of suicide.

This report investigates the phenomenon of suicidal behaviour in men. It presents current research on factors behind male vulnerability to suicide, how male suicides can be prevented, and activities currently undertaken that aim to reduce suicidal behaviours, with a focus on Australian males.

Suicidal ideation

by Orygen

Suicidal Thoughts Start Young: The Critical Need for Family Support and Early Intervention

Between 2011 and 2015, 89 children aged 14 years or younger died by suicide and Kids Helpline data show that many more think about suicide. 

Concerningly, ABS data suggest that suicide rates in this age group are increasing, but very little research about the help-seeking experiences of this group exists. 

In this presentation we reported analysis of two sources of data about help-seeking by this age group: Kids Helpline contact data from the past five years, and yourtown’s survey of children and young people with lived experience of suicide, which included 139 (29.4%) respondents aged 14 years or younger. 

Published: July 2017 by Kids Helpline and yourtown

Suicide in Indigenous Populations of Queensland

The main objective of this study was to describe and analyse the trends and characteristics of suicides among the Indigenous population of Queensland. Specific outcomes of the report include: 1. a review of the international and Australian literature on epidemiology and

characteristics of Indigenous suicide, focusing on historical, social and cultural

issues and the impact of suicide contagion 2. analysis of the extensive data on all suicide cases collected through the Queensland Suicide Register from 1994 to 2006, comparing the trends of suicide mortality and key characteristics of Indigenous and non-Indigenous suicides 3. enhanced understanding of the particularities of suicidal behaviours to enable policy interventions for communities

Suicide in Queensland: Annual Report 2019

The Suicide in Queensland Annual Report 2019 (Suicide in Queensland) provides recent suicide trends in Queensland to help target and inform suicide prevention activities in Queensland by understanding the circumstances in which suicides occurred. This report focuses on information from the years 2013 to 2018. The information comes from a public health surveillance system - the Queensland Suicide Register (QSR) and the interim Queensland Suicide Register (iQSR).

Citation: Leske, S., Crompton, D., & Kõlves, K. (2019). Suicide in Queensland: Annual Report 2019. Brisbane, Queensland, Australia: Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention, Griffith University.

Suicide in Rural and Remote Areas of Australia

Australia’s rural localities face an increasing burden of death due to suicide. This report examines suicide in regional and remote Australia and aims to provide a better understanding how the rural cultural paradigm affects suicidal behaviours so we may develop and implement appropriate and effective suicide prevention strategies. In this way, those people most vulnerable can be protected from the tragedy of suicide.

Suicide Prevention Recovery Guide: A resource for mental health professionals

The Suicide Prevention and Recovery Guide aims to help health professionals with suicide prevention strategies.

The Guide uniquely examines suicide prevention through the lens of mental health recovery. This is particularly relevant as the management of suicide risk, especially when it leads to involuntary hospitalisation, may be perceived at times to conflict with recovery principles encouraging services to support consumer choice and decision-making. The Guide helps workers to reflect on how they address suicide in their workplace, and how they can support the individual’s recovery during this time.

Suicide Prevention Research and Campaign

National research with the aim of understanding what advice can be given to the public to increase the likelihood that they will ask about and support someone who may be at risk of suicide to stay safe and get the help they need. The research provides vital new information about public perceptions of suicide and their ability or willingness to respond to suicide risk. The unique findings and key recommendations provide a clear indication of what is useful, what is not and address some common myths that still exist around suicide prevention. The evidence generated by the research will inform future public communication and policy development across the sector to reduce suicide.

Suicide prevention videos

Beyond Blue developed a series of suicide prevention videos as information for people who have lost someone to suicide, those worried about a friend or family member, or anyone who may be experiencing suicidal thoughts.

Suicide Research: Selected Readings - Volumes 1-16

A critical literature review series from 2008 to 2016, outlining recent advances and promising developments in international research in suicide prevention published in English in international peer-reviewed journals. The main aim of the Selected Readings volumes was to collate all newly released publications (research articles, editorials, letters, and case reports) that explicitly refer to fatal and/or non-fatal suicidal behaviours and related issues. Particular attention was paid to new promising lines of suicide research that carried potential for practical implications in the Australian context.